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Jubilant crowds filled the streets of Zimbabwe’s cities on Tuesday, after the country’s speaker of parliament announced that President Robert Mugabe had resigned after decades in power.

“CBS This Morning” co-hosts Norah O’Donnell and Gayle King opened the show Tuesday by addressing allegations of sexual misconduct against their colleague Charlie Rose.

Donald Trump says the fate of the tax bill is “up to the Senate” now—after he took to Twitter and attacked one of those must-win Republican senate votes.

A 102-year-old Polish man who believed his entire family had died in the Holocaust was reduced to tears this week when he met a nephew that he didn't know he had.

A white former police officer in Tulsa, Oklahoma, has been sentenced to 15 years behind bars for fatally shooting his daughter’s 19-year-old black boyfriend in 2014.

A new ad for Democratic Senate candidate Doug Jones quotes Republican Sen. Richard Shelby, Attorney General Jeff Sessions and Ivanka Trump, saying there is no reason to doubt the women who have accused Roy Moore of sexual misconduct.

Whitefish Energy is halting work on Puerto Rico’s hurricane-ravaged electrical grid after claiming the U.S. territory owes the company $83 million.

HOMESTEAD, Fla. (AP) — It's been six years since Theo Ramos first cut himself in the school bathroom, six years since his parents and friends and teachers found out he wanted to be a boy instead of a girl, six years in transition.

After teen was killed in a car crash in Arlington, Texas, police are investigating the other driver, who was using a court-ordered breathalyzing device

Zimbabwe's Mnangagwa promises jobs in 'new democracy'Emmerson Mnangagwa vows to grow the economy, which some estimates say has a jobless rate of 90%.

Nigeria suicide bombing kills 50 in Adamawa stateThe bomber struck inside a mosque packed with worshippers in eastern Adamawa state.

Angola purge 'hailed by rapper Luaty Beirao'President Lourenco, known as "JLo", sacks his police boss, spy chief and Africa's richest woman.

Egypt singer held for 'inciting debauchery' in music videoShyma, who was filmed eating a banana while in her underwear, is held for "inciting debauchery".

Kenya Supreme Court upholds Uhuru Kenyatta poll winThe main opposition has rejected the ruling, saying it will not recognise the new government.

Morocco food stampede kills 15The incident occurred as a charity aid was distributing aid in the town of Sidi Boulaalam.

Libya migrant 'slave market' footage sparks outrageThe African Union voices anger after a CNN report appears to show African men being sold at auction.

Mnangagwa: We want to grow Zimbabwe economyZimbabwe's incoming leader Emmerson Mnangagwa tells supporters he wants to to boost the economy and create jobs.

Forty-three migrants rescued off the Libyan coastThe rescue vessel rescued 43 migrants attempting to cross to Europe.

'Free': Zimbabwe's day of celebrationCelebrations continued into the night after Robert Mugabe's 37-year reign as president came to an end.

TOKYO (Reuters) - A U.S. Navy transport plane carrying 11 people crashed in the Philippine Sea south of Japan on Wednesday as it flew to the aircraft carrier Ronald Reagan and three people were missing, in the latest Navy accident in the region.

HARARE (Reuters) - Zimbabwe's new leader Emmerson Mnangagwa told a cheering crowd in Harare on Wednesday that the country was entering a new stage of democracy following Robert Mugabe's removal as president after nearly four decades in power.

THE HAGUE (Reuters) - A U.N. tribunal on Wednesday convicted ex-Bosnian Serb military commander Ratko Mladic of genocide and crimes against humanity for massacres of Bosnian Muslims and ethnic cleansing campaigns to forge a "Greater Serbia", and jailed him for life.

SOCHI, Russia/RIYADH (Reuters) - Russia's Vladimir Putin won the backing of Turkey and Iran on Wednesday to host a Syrian peace congress, taking the central role in a major diplomatic push to finally end a civil war all but won by Moscow's ally, President Bashar al-Assad.

DUBAI (Reuters) - The Saudi-led military coalition fighting Houthi rebels in Yemen said on Wednesday it would allow humanitarian aid access through Yemen's port of Hodeidah and United Nations flights to the capital Sanaa, more than two weeks after blockading the country.

CAIRO (Reuters) - Palestinian factions have agreed to hold general elections by end-2018 after talks in Cairo spearheaded by rivals Hamas and Fatah, a joint statement by all the groups which took part said on Wednesday.

GENEVA (Reuters) - Syrians in the besieged enclave of Eastern Ghouta are so short of food that they are eating trash, fainting from hunger and forcing their children to eat on alternate days, the U.N. World Food Programme said in a report on Wednesday.

BERLIN (Reuters) - Germany's Social Democrats (SPD) faced pressure on Wednesday to consider offering coalition talks to Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives to settle the worst political crisis in modern German history.

ROME (Reuters) - Italian magistrates are investigating whether a Treasury official sold confidential government information to her previous employers, Ernst & Young, two judicial sources involved in the case said on Wednesday.

(Reuters) - South Korean President Moon Jae-in will visit Beijing next month for a summit with China's Xi Jinping as the two countries seek to mend ties frayed by a year-long spat over the deployment of a U.S. anti-missile system in South Korea, Seoul's foreign ministry said on Thursday.

Press Statement Heather Nauert Department Spokesperson Washington, DC November 21, 2017 The United States welcomes the progress made by the panel of Guinean judges investigating the September 28, 2009 massacre of more than 150 protesters and rape of 100 women by security forces during a peaceful protest in Conakry, Guinea. On November 9, 2017, the domestic panel reached an important milestone when the judges formally concluded their investigation and brought charges against more than 14 suspects. We are encouraged by this impressive progress – including the hearing of testimony from more than 450 victims and extensive witness interviews – but stress that there is still important work to be done in order to ensure justice for victims and accountability for those responsible for this atrocity. We stress that the Government of Guinea is primarily responsible for administering justice for its people. We call on Guinea to guarantee a fair trial for those accused, ensure the safety and security of all involved, and keep Guineans informed of the trial’s progress, as appropriate. We continue to stand with Guineans, and people of all backgrounds and nationalities, as they strive for justice, accountability, and the prevention of future atrocities. The Office of Website Management, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department.External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.

Press Statement Rex W. Tillerson Secretary of State Washington, DC November 21, 2017 With the resignation of Robert Mugabe, today marks an historic moment for Zimbabwe. We congratulate all Zimbabweans who raised their voices and stated peacefully and clearly that the time for change was overdue. Zimbabwe has an extraordinary opportunity to set itself on a new path. The United States strongly supports a peaceful, democratic, and prosperous Zimbabwe. As events unfold, we continue to call on all parties to exercise restraint and respect constitutional and civilian order. We urge Zimbabwe’s leaders to implement much-needed political and economic reforms for a more stable and promising future for the Zimbabwean people. We will continue to support the people of Zimbabwe as these reforms move forward. Whatever short-term arrangements the government may establish, the path forward must lead to free and fair elections. The people of Zimbabwe must choose their own leaders. The Office of Website Management, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department.External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.

Press Statement Heather Nauert Department Spokesperson Washington, DC November 21, 2017 The United States condemns today’s terrorist attack in Mubi, Adamawa State and extends our sincere condolences to the Nigerian people and the families of the victims killed in the attack. That the victims were targeted and killed in a place of worship demonstrates yet again the brutal nature of the terrorists whose sole aim is to threaten the peace and security of Nigerian citizens. Such ruthless attacks on innocent civilians only serve to strengthen our resolve towards meeting these threats in cooperation with our Nigerian and regional partners. The Office of Website Management, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department.External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.

Remarks John J. Sullivan Deputy Secretary of State Opening Remarks Abuja, Nigeria November 20, 2017 Thank you for your warm welcome, Foreign Minister Onyeama. It is a pleasure to be here in Nigeria and an honor to lead the U.S. delegation to this year’s U.S.-Nigeria Bi-National Commission. I am joined by colleagues from the State Department, USAID, the Departments of Defense, Commerce, and our Trade Representative. As the interagency makeup of our delegation makes clear, the U.S.-Nigerian relationship is broad and deep. The United States is committed to expanding our cooperation as we look to the future. Through this Bi-national Commission, we hope to build on a foundation of cooperation and find new areas of collaboration -- that we will further discuss – particularly in the areas of security cooperation; economic growth and development; and democracy and governance. These three issues – security, development, and governance – are interconnected. We cannot afford to consider them in a vacuum – they each affect the other.   Recently, on the International Day of the Girl, I had the honor of meeting a very impressive 17-year-old Nigerian – Maryam Ahmed – a Girl Champion for the NGO Save the Children. Maryam was born in Kano State, and she told me how proud she is to be a girl from Northern Nigeria – and in particular, to still be in school when only four percent of girls in that region finish secondary school. Maryam seized the opportunity to invest in her future through education. Today, she is in law school right here in Abuja. As a fellow lawyer, I was immediately impressed with her positive outlook and her ambition to make Nigeria’s future even brighter. People like Maryam ensure Nigeria’s prosperity for tomorrow. Broadening access to quality education for more students is a down payment for the community, the nation, and ultimately, the world we all live in. The role of education takes on outsized importance when one considers that girls who have access to education are less likely to face violence, sexual abuse, child labor, and child marriage. Maryam understands this, and she is making it her life’s work, as an advocate for the rights and empowerment of girls, including those brutally kidnapped by Boko Haram over three years ago. Maryam’s story reminds all of us about the destruction Boko Haram and ISIS-West Africa have wrought on the Nigerian people – and their disastrous impact on the more than two million displaced people across the region. An entire generation of boys and girls have had their education, and their futures, disrupted by violence. But Maryam’s story also reminds us that we must consider security alongside other important issues – like development and good governance – to create growing and sustainable prosperity for the Nigerian people. As we consider the deadly enemies facing the Nigerian people – including Boko Haram and ISIS-West Africa – I want to emphasize today that the United States is Nigeria’s partner in this fight. We are committed to helping the Nigerian people provide their own security.   Since the last BNC, we have made tremendous progress. For example, the A-29 Super Tucano Foreign Military Sales package is one element of our broader security cooperation in support of the modernization of the Nigerian military. But a military response alone in the Northeast cannot lead to sustained peace. Nigeria’s success does not just depend on its military effectiveness on the battlefield – it requires improvements to the economy and governance off the battlefield as well. In other words, a comprehensive response is necessary to build a better future in the Northeast. Nigeria cannot simply restore the Northeast to what it was before the destruction brought about by Boko Haram and ISIS-West Africa. The Nigerian government, with civic leaders and a wide range of community leaders, must work together to create a durable social, economic, and political infrastructure to support lasting peace and development for decades to come. That must include transparent and credible investigations of human rights violations and mechanisms to hold those found guilty accountable for their actions. This is essential to deepening the people’s trust of the government, strengthening security efforts in the Northeast, and improving the United States’ ability to partner with Nigeria. This comprehensive response must also set conditions for the safe, dignified, and voluntary return of the more than two million individuals who have been displaced. We are encouraged by Nigeria’s recent steps to establish a Northeast Development Commission, which could enable many of those displaced by conflict to restart their lives.   The United States wants to continue to partner with you in this critical phase. Today, I am proud to announce that the United States, through USAID, will contribute an additional $45.5 million to support stabilization and early recovery efforts to help those who have been affected by violence in the Northeast begin to rebuild their lives. Recently, Nigeria was named a target country in our Feed the Future Initiative -- this means that the United States will continue to support food security and nutrition programming in Nigeria including development programming focused on the Northeastern states. We will continue to partner with Nigeria to help harness the power of agriculture to jumpstart the economy and provide more opportunity. We recognize that peace, economic growth, and good governance must extend well beyond the Northeast to cultivate prosperity across Nigeria from the Northeast, to the Middle Belt, to the Southeast, and the Niger Delta. We continue to encourage dialogue and tangible improvements in standards of living – from creating jobs, to protecting the environment, to providing services to fight corruption in the Niger Delta – a region with a major impact on the nation’s economic prosperity. The U.S. government will continue to support your efforts; however, lasting solutions and a path forward will come from the Nigerian people. Security is necessary, but it is not sufficient to enable prosperity. Inclusive economic growth and development are essential components for Nigeria to prosper. Experience has shown that predictable economic policies and a transparent justice system create a positive environment for growth to attract businesses and investment. Since the last BNC, Nigeria has taken steps to do just that, including through the implementation of a more flexible currency system and the launch of an Economic Recovery and Growth Plan. However, additional progress is needed to reduce protectionist barriers and to ensure a predictable and transparent regulatory environment. Similar to security, the more Nigeria’s economy grows, the better it is for both Nigerian and American businesses. We want to be partners in your economic success as well. That is why the U.S. government will soon launch a Commercial and Investment Dialogue. Led by our Department of Commerce, the Dialogue will help to develop stronger business networks between our countries and help frame subsequent discussions under our Trade and Investment Framework Agreement, to be led by the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative. As we consider more conversations about growing trade between our countries, we hope to work together to ensure better protection for intellectual property rights – which is just one tangible way to encourage greater trade between Nigeria and the United States. Another key aspect to our shared prosperity is having the energy resources that are needed to fuel growth. Through the U.S. government’s Power Africa Initiative, we will help the Nigerian government serve the majority of Nigerians who currently lack access to electricity. I am pleased to announce a $1.3 million project to address the shortage of gas available for gas-fired power plants under the Power Africa Initiative through the Department of State’s Power Sector Program. The United States looks forward to continuing to partner with Nigeria to support other critical development programs that foster progress in the education and health sectors, including improved service delivery. Through each of these programs and initiatives, I hope the message is clear the United States wants to support Nigeria as it continues to find new avenues of economic growth and development. Finally, in addition to supporting the security and economic growth of Nigeria, the United States recognizes that good governance is necessary to sustain both over the long-term. The free and fair election in 2015 was a turning point in America’s relationship with Nigeria. Because of that step forward, and our ability to work closely on security, economic, and governance priorities, our partnership with Nigeria continues to deepen. We encourage Nigeria to build on this momentum as the country heads into several state elections, and then to the 2019 election season. Free, fair, and peaceful 2019 elections – at both the federal and state levels – are fundamental to our continued partnership. U.S. government assistance has helped the Independent National Electoral Commission develop a four-year strategic plan for the 2019 elections, and has supported civil society to monitor the off-cycle gubernatorial elections, similar to the one just a few days ago in Anambra State. The United States is committed to furthering this technical assistance and support as the Nigerian people build their own capacity in this vibrant democracy. As President Buhari has said so many times, Nigeria’s future depends on its ability to end the scourge of corruption. Since the last BNC, Nigeria has begun implementation of the 14 ambitious commitments in its Open Government Partnership National Action Plan. The U.S. government is supporting civil society organizations in their efforts with national-level implementation, and in helping state governments to create their own Action Plans. We will continue to work closely with the Government of Nigeria on repatriating stolen assets to the people of Nigeria, and as such, we are pleased to co-host the Global Forum on Asset Recovery in December. These efforts, of fighting corruption and ensuring free and fair elections, will make the Government of Nigeria more accountable to its people and better equipped to secure its citizens and keep its economy growing. Good governance is essential to sustaining greater stability in the future. Today we have the opportunity, to look ahead at those areas where we can encourage mutual prosperity for Americans and Nigerians.   As one Nigerian proverb explains: “He who does not look ahead, always remains behind.” At this Bi-National Commission, we must take that proverb to heart. We have a tremendous opportunity to grow our cooperation to reach our shared security, development, and governance goals. We are eager to look toward the future with our Nigerian friends, at the tremendous potential of our partnership. Thank you. The Office of Website Management, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department.External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.

Remarks John J. Sullivan Deputy Secretary of State Khartoum, Sudan November 17, 2017 Asalaam Alaikam. I am honored to join all of you here today. I would like to first thank the leaders of the Al-Neelain Mosque for hosting us today and for their gracious hospitality. Many people from different faiths, backgrounds, and cultures have joined us here today to talk about the important work they are undertaking in Sudan to embrace tolerance and further the goal of mutual respect among all citizens. It was a great privilege to spend time with many of you earlier this morning and to learn about the many ways that interfaith groups are working together to forge a new path forward in Sudan and to move away from divisions based on religion and culture. Our discussion was particularly significant as we continue to build a new relationship between the United States and Sudan. I want you to know that the U.S. government and international community stand with you in this important work. This is my first visit to your beautiful country. Secretary Tillerson asked me to travel to Khartoum to speak with you and your government about the growing importance of our bilateral relationship. I am here today to underscore one key aspect of that relationship: the shared values of mutual respect, tolerance, and religious freedom. I would like to share a bit of my own personal history on these topics, as they are central to who I am. I am the grandson of Irish-Catholic immigrants who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in the 1880s. At the time they arrived – and for many decades that followed – Catholics in the United States faced widespread prejudice based on their religion. When John F. Kennedy – another Catholic from my home state – ran for President of the United States in 1960, he even had to give a prominent speech to reassure the nation that his faith was compatible with the duties of the office of President. In the United States today, recalling such history seems quaint. But it was not easy, and it took many decades. Eventually divisions were narrowed and mutual understanding between Catholics and Protestants in the United States improved substantially. Today, it is nearly unthinkable that one’s status as a Catholic in the United States would serve as a disadvantage to one’s ambitions for life. The American experience in this regard underscores that respect for the human dignity of every person – regardless of religious belief or origin – is a key component of not only protecting human rights, but also fostering a society that can flourish, build upon each other’s strengths, and move forward together. This brings me to one of the purposes of my visit: to make clear that the United States remains deeply committed to positive engagement with Sudan on a wide range of topics – including the protection of religious freedom and the promotion of other human rights throughout your country. This path of closer engagement is new for both of us. In 2015, after decades of strained bilateral relations, the United States began a measured engagement with your government to urge greater progress in various peace processes and to seek positive changes for the people of Sudan – regardless of religion, class, or ethnic background. In June 2016, Sudan and the United States initiated a historic framework for the path forward, the so-called Five Track Engagement Plan. This plan outlined five priority areas for constructive engagement, and required the Sudanese government to: 1) cease hostilities in conflict regions, including the aerial bombardment in Darfur and the Two Areas of South Kordofan and Blue Nile states; 2) improve humanitarian access throughout Sudan so that aid groups could provide vital resources and assistance needed by the Sudanese people; 3) refrain from interfering in South Sudan and instead play a constructive role in regional peace efforts; 4) cooperate with regional efforts to counter the Lord’s Resistance Army, and; 5) build U.S.-Sudanese cooperation on counter terrorism, and make both of our countries safer. In each of those five areas, the Government of Sudan has made measureable progress. As a result, last month, the United States formally revoked certain U.S. sanctions on Sudan to open a new chapter in our bilateral relationship. We hope that these positive developments are emblematic of a positive trajectory for the future of our bilateral relationship. But, we also recognize that completion of the Five Track Engagement Plan is only a first step on a longer road toward fully normalizing our bilateral relations. More hard work is required – from both of our countries.  The United States is eager to see Sudan make progress in a range of areas in the months and years ahead, as we work towards a new framework for bilateral engagement. In short, the closer our countries become, the higher our expectations for Sudan will become. This engagement will proceed on several fronts. For Sudan to become a full partner of the United States, it must seek peace within its borders and with its neighbors, and cooperate reliably with the international community to improve security and prosperity in the region and adhere to long-standing international norms.  In addition, supporting human rights, including religious freedom, has been, and will continue to be, a critical part of the United States’ bilateral engagement with Sudan. In the United States, the protection of the basic rights and freedoms of our citizens is fundamental to who we are as a nation. The Bill of Rights in the U.S. Constitution – our foundational legal document – sets forth protections for individual liberties and prohibitions on government power in these realms, including freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and freedom of assembly. These are among our most cherished rights as Americans, and the protection of human rights and the dignity of the individual has served as a key basis of U.S. foreign policy throughout our history. This history has shown that U.S. partnerships around the world are strongest and most durable with countries that take the necessary steps to protect the same basic human rights and freedoms that are central in the United States. In the years ahead, one measure of the strength of the U.S.-Sudanese relationship will be improvements in Sudan’s respect for human rights and, in particular, religious freedom. Indeed, one of the reasons I am speaking to you today – at the Al-Neelain Mosque, with Sudanese Muslim and Christian leaders – is to emphasize that the United States cares deeply about religious freedom in Sudan. By taking steps to enhance protections for religious freedom, the Government will make the entire country more stable and secure. Interfaith understanding, respect, and the protection of religious freedom and other human rights are bulwarks against extremism. Religious tolerance is a building block of peace and security and is the mark of responsible governance. The treatment of members of religious minorities is often the ultimate indicator of a government’s commitment to these values. When governments favor a specific religious, ethnic, or sectarian group over others, violent radicalism thrives. We also know that governments that sponsor or condone violence against their own people are far more likely to see violent extremism growing in their country. But by protecting every person’s human rights, society is more just, more free, and more stable for everyone. For these reasons, we urge the Government of Sudan to protect basic freedoms of expression, peaceful assembly, association, religion, and movement. The United States calls on Sudan to protect political opposition members, human rights defenders, civil society groups, and the media. We also urge the government to hold accountable all who are responsible for human rights abuses. On the issue of religious freedom, the United States has continued to designate Sudan as a “Country of Particular Concern.” The State Department’s annual International Religious Freedom Report noted instances of the arrest, detention, and intimidation of religious leaders, and the denial of permits for the construction of new churches; restrictions on non-Muslim religious groups from entering the country; and the censorship of religious material. During my discussions with senior leaders over the last 6 months, we have welcomed the Sudanese Government’s expressed desire to take steps to overcome its designation as a Country of Particular Concern. However, for that to occur, we must see concrete and demonstrable progress through better policies and improved laws. We have communicated these steps to the Sudanese Government through a proposed “Action Plan,” which we hope Sudan will approve and enact. As an immediate confidence-building measure, we have suggested that the Government convene a roundtable with members of religious minority groups about property registration issues, as certain government officials have cited registration issues as the rationale for the demolitions of places of worship. The Government of Sudan, including the Federal States, should also immediately suspend demolitions of places of worship, including churches and mosques. President Trump, Vice President Pence, and Secretary Tillerson have made clear that the protection and promotion of religious freedom is a foreign policy priority of the Administration. As we move forward in our relationship, the United States will not ignore violations of human rights, including the right to religious freedom. The United States is ready and willing to assist in these efforts. To that end, we will explore opportunities to work with religious leaders who build bridges through tolerance and interfaith understanding to counter extremism – like those leaders with me here today – while we bring in new voices to further conversations about accountability and inclusive governance. The United States will also review our people-to-people programs, such as the Young African Leaders Initiative and International Visitor Leadership Program, to identify ways to maximize partnerships and exchanges with the people of Sudan. I am pleased to see so many alumni here this morning as a testament to the success of these programs. Indeed, we believe that any country-to-country relationship begins on the individual level. We are committed to finding more avenues for Sudanese religious and youth leaders to advance interfaith efforts for peace. Before I conclude, I also want to touch on a few other important aspects of the U.S.-Sudan relationship. We recognize that there are ongoing impediments, including certain commercial and financial restrictions, on the bilateral relationship between our countries and a lack of normalized diplomatic relations. Further strengthening of our bilateral relationship will require a renewed commitment by the Government of Sudan on other policies beyond religious freedom. In particular, while restraint and a cessation of attacks in conflict areas is a positive step forward, we now expect the Sudanese government to move closer to a permanent ceasefire that will create an opening for a truly inclusive political dialogue in Darfur and the Two Areas. The armed opposition must of course also denounce hostilities and make a commitment to a negotiated peace. All parties who have signed the African Union roadmap must live up to their commitment to engage in dialogue toward a resolution of the conflicts and a comprehensive and inclusive political process, and those who have yet to join the process must do so, as there is no other path to peace and improving the conditions of the people living in the conflict areas. As a first step, the opposition should accept the U.S. proposal to facilitate humanitarian aid in conflict areas across lines to help those who are suffering the most. Moving forward, we also encourage the Government to improve cooperation with UNAMID – the AU-UN Hybrid Mission in Darfur. UNAMID protects civilians, facilitates humanitarian assistance, and mediates conflict at the local and national level in Darfur. This mission – which the United States strongly supports – will continue to be instrumental to Sudan’s future and greater collaboration with the UN is a win-win proposition for the people of Sudan. Violence, war, and ongoing instability are holding Sudan back from a future with great potential. Conflict has affected millions. Hundreds of thousands of Sudanese have been displaced and killed. It is time for a path to reconciliation and peace. Your country’s prosperity and the security of future generations depend on it. The United States calls on all parties to take this opportunity to define a way forward that will help all of Sudan’s people. Finally, the United States is also looking for the Sudanese Government to help counter international security threats. In that regard, I very much appreciate and applaud Sudan’s public statements condemning North Korean provocations, and Sudan’s full commitment to compliance with the UN Security Council Resolutions regarding North Korea. Finally, the statements yesterday by the Government of Sudan affirming that it will cut off all ties with North Korea is most welcome. Let me conclude by noting that I am deeply encouraged by the interactions I have had with the Government and with civil society representatives during my visit here. The religious leaders with whom I met earlier today are a deep source of inspiration. Indeed, there are challenges that lie ahead, but we should all have reason for hope and optimism about the growing engagement between our two countries. Thank you for your hospitality and kindness. I look forward to many more opportunities to further our goals of a more peaceful and prosperous Sudan – a Sudan that respects the rights of persons of every faith. The Office of Website Management, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department.External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.

Remarks Rex W. Tillerson Secretary of State Treaty Room Washington, DC November 16, 2017 SECRETARY TILLERSON: Good evening. Well, I’m pleased to welcome Chairman Faki of the African Union to the State Department. We’ve got a significant African Union ministerial tomorrow, the whole day, and look forward to having an early discussion with the chairman. Thank you. CHAIRPERSON FAKI: Thank you. SECRETARY TILLERSON: Welcome. QUESTION: Mr. Secretary, should Robert Mugabe step down? SECRETARY TILLERSON: We’re going to follow that situation. Thank you. QUESTION: (In French.) CHAIRPERSON FAKI: (In French.) The Office of Website Management, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department.External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.

Press Statement Heather Nauert Department Spokesperson Washington, DC November 16, 2017 Today, following bilateral meetings in Khartoum with Deputy Secretary of State Sullivan, the Sudanese Foreign Ministry formally announced Sudan’s commitment to sever all trade and military ties with North Korea. The United States welcomes the Government of Sudan’s pledge and will continue engagement on this issue to ensure that this commitment is fully implemented. Isolating the North Korean regime is a top priority for the United States, and is a key element to maintaining peace and stability worldwide. The United States is grateful for Sudan’s commitment to take these important steps in light of the critical threat posed by the DPRK. The Office of Website Management, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department.External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.

Press Statement Rex W. Tillerson Secretary of State Washington, DC November 13, 2017 On behalf of the people of the United States of America, I send best wishes to the people of Angola as you celebrate your 42nd year of independence on November 11. This last year has brought tremendous change for the people of Angola, including historic elections and a new administration. As Angola works to strengthen its economy and work for security and democracy at home and in the region, know that the United States is your partner and friend in these efforts as we open a new chapter in our strategic partnership. I am honored to wish all Angolans happiness on this important occasion. The Office of Website Management, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department.External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.

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Hi stranger. It’s been a while SAAD HARIRI is an unlikely hero for Lebanon. Despite inheriting a powerful surname—not to mention a vast construction company, Saudi Oger—he often bemoaned his lot. He seemed to live in the shadow of his father, Rafik, a former prime minister, whose assassination in 2005 (probably at the behest of Syria) propelled Saad into politics. But during his own two turns as prime minister (from 2009 to 2011, and 2016 to the present) he accomplished little, as the power of Sunnis, like himself, waned. When Saudi Oger shut down this year, his countrymen had little sympathy. But since his odd televised resignation on November 4th, perhaps under some form of duress in Saudi Arabia, Mr Hariri (pictured) has seen his popularity rise. Many Lebanese, including the country’s president, Michel Aoun, believe he was held against his will in the kingdom. Across Lebanon’s sectarian divide, politicians have championed his return. A website counts...

IT WAS the dismissal and flight abroad of Robert Mugabe’s oldest and trustiest lieutenant that finally led to his downfall. Grace Mugabe, the 93-year-old president’s avaricious wife, was thought to be behind the sacking. Younger than her husband by 41 years, she plainly sought to inherit the throne. Yet she overplayed her hand. Within a week the armed forces’ commander, alongside an array of generals, declared, without naming her, that Mrs Mugabe must be stopped. He demanded, also without naming names, that her nemesis, Emmerson Mnangagwa, must be reinstated as heir apparent. Mrs Mugabe’s allies were denounced as “counter-revolutionaries” who had played no part in the “war of liberation” that 37 years ago had brought Mr Mugabe (pictured) to power. A few days later armoured troop carriers rolled into Harare, the capital. Soldiers took control of the state broadcaster and surrounded Mr Mugabe’s residence. In the small hours of the morning another general announced on television that the army was in charge. But the coup was not a coup, he insisted. Various traitors had merely been rounded up and the Mugabe family detained for their own safety. Mr Mnangagwa was set to return from his brief exile. The Mugabe era was at last ingloriously over. As The Economist went to press, events were still unfolding pell-mell. But...

JAMES GUBB was finishing off the knuckles when the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) shut him down. Trading single shares between two accounts, Mr Gubb had managed to “draw” the image of a fist with an upright middle finger onto the share-price chart for Oakbay Resources and Energy Limited, a company controlled by the Gupta brothers, cronies of President Jacob Zuma, that is at the centre of allegations of “state capture” in South Africa. Mr Gubb, a former hedge-fund manager, considers his middle-finger salute to be protest art. South Africa is in the grip of a sprawling corruption scandal; the Guptas are accused of abusing their close ties with Mr Zuma’s family to influence cabinet appointments and win government contracts worth hundreds of millions of dollars (they deny allegations of wrongdoing). Mr Gubb created his artwork after Mr Zuma fired a respected finance minister. “Protest art has a very strong foundation in South Africa, crude as this might be,” Mr Gubb says. ...

AT THE start of every dry season fires creep southwards across the Central African Republic (CAR). Kasper Agger, a Dane who works for African Parks, a South Africa-based conservation group, can see them on his laptop thanks to a piece of NASA-made software that plots benign-looking flame symbols like boy scouts’ campfires onto a Google Earth map. Through December and January the fires edge close to Chinko, a vast nature reserve in the CAR. When the fires reach the park boundary, a light aircraft is dispatched to shower leaflets over the smoulder. Below, herders who come from hundreds of miles away receive illustrated messages in Sango (a local language), Arabic and French, warning them not to chop down trees, carry guns, hunt game or poach elephants within the park. For herders to encroach on government and private land is normal in Africa, but the size of the herds, the involvement of political and military bigwigs as cattle barons, and the proliferation of weapons have all got out of hand. They are increasingly fuelling...

NO LEADER was more vocal in his opposition to the nuclear deal signed in 2015 by Iran and six world powers than Binyamin Netanyahu. The Israeli prime minister gave a speech to America’s Congress denouncing the pact, under which Iran accepts limits on its nuclear programme in exchange for the removal of sanctions. But Mr Netanyahu has changed his tune of late. The day after celebrating the centenary of the Balfour Declaration in London on November 2nd, he said that he favoured “fixing” the deal, not “nixing” it. The decision by Donald Trump to “decertify” the deal in October has raised the possibility of new American sanctions on Iran, which could scuttle the deal. The other signatories, Britain, China, France, Germany and Russia, want to save it. So, given Mr Netanyahu’s influence in Washington, they are now willing to consider his proposals. He has discussed them with Theresa May, Britain’s prime minister, Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, and Vladimir Putin, Russia’s president. Mr Netanyahu accepts that the...

NO ONE is quite sure what to call it. The arrest of scores of people in Saudi Arabia on November 4th has been variously dubbed a coup, a counter-coup and a purge. Those detained range from billionaire businessmen, such as Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, to a contender for the crown, Prince Mutaib bin Abdullah. “Saudis do not know what happened,” says a professional in Riyadh, the capital. “It is a shock.” One thing, at least, is clear: power is now concentrated in the hands of the young crown prince, Muhammad bin Salman, who orchestrated the blitz in the name of his frail 81-year-old father, King Salman. For decades, Saudi kings tried to forge consensus within the sprawling royal family. Change was incremental and power was balanced delicately, particularly among members of the so-called Sudairi Seven branch—the sons of King Abdel-Aziz, the founder of the state, by his favourite wife, Hussa bint Ahmed Al Sudairi (see family tree). One Sudairi, Prince Sultan, served as defence minister...

Can I go now? AS IF shuffling one government were too slight a task, Saudi Arabia’s ambitious young crown prince, Muhammad bin Salman, has changed two. On November 4th, the same day as the Saudi purge, Lebanon’s prime minister, Saad Hariri, unexpectedly appeared on television to announce he was resigning. Although he said he was stepping down because his life was in danger—he denounced Iran and its powerful Lebanese ally, Hizbullah—there was little to disguise the Saudi hand in his statement. The announcement was recorded in Riyadh, the Saudi capital, and broadcast on a Saudi television channel. Since then he has stayed out of reach under Saudi guard and possibly under arrest. A few days earlier the kingdom’s Gulf-affairs minister, Thamer al-Sabhan, had promised “astonishing” developments to topple Hizbullah, a Shia militia-cum-political-party that calls the shots in Lebanon. At first glance Saudi Arabia’s desire to oust Mr Hariri, a Saudi-...

DOING business in Saudi Arabia has long involved accepting a trade-off between stability and sclerosis. Although power-sharing among the ruling family has kept the kingdom united, rule by elderly monarchs and a corrupt system of cronyism, or wasta, has made change agonisingly slow. Last weekend’s purge of princes, officials, billionaires and businessmen by King Salman and his 32-year-old son and crown prince, Muhammad bin Salman, tears the old rulebook to shreds. Some businessmen welcomed it, hoping that a reduction in graft and cronyism will create space for young entrepreneurs. “This is the closest thing in the Middle East to glasnost,” says Sam Blatteis, a former head of public policy in the Persian Gulf for Google. But others drew wary parallels with the assault by Russia’s president, Vladimir Putin, on oligarchs for political ends. Above all, they expressed concern that it would make the prince the sole arbiter of important economic transactions in the kingdom...

Build it and they will come AS EMMANUEL MACRON and Muhammad bin Zayed, the president of France and the crown prince of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), walked towards the Louvre Abu Dhabi (LAD) for its grand opening on November 8th, their eyes were fixed on the magnificent silvery domed roof—as heavy as the Eiffel Tower—that appears to float above the galleries. They might more usefully have gazed down at the floor. For there, in the entrance, is a map of the UAE’s coastline. All along the shore, listed as if they were ports on an old parchment, are the names of towns around the world that manufactured the hundreds of objects on display inside. Each one is spelled out in its own language; 26 in all. There is Greek, Spanish, German, Chinese, Russian and Arabic. There is even one in Hebrew, for Qa al-Yahud, the old Jewish quarter in Sana’a, Yemen, where the LAD’s medieval Torah was made. Designed by Jean Nouvel, the building is a triumph. A 30...

YOUSOF AKASHEH, a rebel fighter, was astonished to find out that the regime of Bashar al-Assad in Syria was planning to seize his wife’s property. For one thing, she is dead, killed three years ago when a warplane bombed her apartment block. For another, she never owned property. Such is the arbitrariness of the regime’s counter-terrorism court, which has branded tens of thousands of opponents of Mr Assad enemies of the state and sent them to the country’s hellish prisons. Those lucky enough to escape arrest are tried in absentia. As punishment, the court routinely seizes their property. The civil war in Syria has driven more than 12m people from their homes, contributing to the largest refugee crisis in recent history. But in his typically appalling way, Mr Assad has spied opportunity amid the tragedy. “We have lost the best of our young people…but in return we have gained a healthier and more harmonious society,” the dictator said in August of a war that has killed...

De retour au Zimbabwe, Emmerson Mnangagwa appelle au rassemblementLe nouvel homme fort du Zimbabwe est de retour au pays. Emmerson Mnangagwa, qui est appelé à succéder à Robert Mugabé, aura fait durer le suspense ce mercredi 22 novembre à Harare. Les responsables de la Zanu-PF auront même joué au chat et à la souris avec les Zimbabwéens qui souhaitaient accueillir leur futur président de transition, en donnant des informations erronées sur l'heure et le lieu de son arrivée.

RCA: le Brésil prêt à renforcer la MinuscaIl y a une semaine, le Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies renouvelait le mandat de la Minusca, l'opération de maintien de la paix en Centrafrique. Il autorise un renfort de 900 casques bleus en plus de l'effectif maximal jusque-là plafonné à 10 750 soldats. Des discussions sont en cours avec le Brésil.

Zimbabwe: Emmerson Mnangagwa, un retour pas si consensuelSans Robert Mugabe à la tête du Zimbabwe, son ancien vice-président Emmerson Mnangagwa est désormais la pièce-maîtresse du jeu. Il avait quitté le pays après son limogeage au début du mois « pour des raisons de sécurité », d'après ses déclarations. Il est désormais attendu dans la capitale Harare, ce 22 novembre.

Esclavage en Libye: le reflet de l'impuissance du gouvernement de TripoliL'émotion soulevée par la vente de migrants africains en Libye a tourné tous les regards vers les autorités internationalement reconnues en Libye, lesquelles ont annoncé l'ouverture d'une enquête sur les marchés aux esclaves qui ont scandalisé le monde entier. Pour autant, même s'il le voulait, le Gouvernement d'union nationale (GNA), en place depuis mars 2016, ne pourrait pas faire grand chose, puisqu'il ne détient pas le pouvoir réel en Libye.

RDC: timide retour au calme à Oïcha, dans l'est du pays, après une manifestationAu moins trois civils ont été blessés au cours d'une manifestation de colère le 21 novembre à Oïcha, chef-lieu du territoire de Béni, dans l'est de la RDC. La population protestait contre la mort, la veille, d'un jeune de 25 ans tué par un homme en tenue militaire, un soldat congolais présumé. Début novembre, déjà, trois civils étaient tombés sous les balles de supposés militaires à Oïcha, où la population est excédée. D'autant plus qu'en octobre un nouveau bataillon censé améliorer leur sécurité a été déployé dans la zone.

Présidentielle au Somaliland: les défis de Muse Bihi AbdiLe Somaliland a un nouveau président, Muse Bihi Abdi, candidat du parti au pouvoir qui a recueilli 55% des voix. Elu pour cinq ans, il devient donc le cinquième président de ce pays depuis la proclamation de son indépendance en 1991. L'homme de 69 ans est un politicien d'expérience avec une longue carrière militaire derrière lui. Mais il fait face à une série de défis, dont le maintien de la stabilité du pays, sa reconnaissance et aussi sa viabilité économique.

Le Zimbabwe, une économie fatiguéeAlors que l'après-Robert Mugabe se dessine progressivement, le Zimbabwe reste dans une situation économique difficile. Le pays est en effet ruiné par la réforme agraire de l'an 2000 et l'accaparement de son sous-sol par la caste dirigeante.

Le Congo-Brazzaville signe un accord avec le HCR sur les déplacés dans le PoolLe Congo, qui compte des milliers de déplacés internes à cause des violences dans le Pool, mais aussi des sinistrés du fait des pluies et autres catastrophes, va désormais compter sur l'appui du Haut-commissariat aux réfugiés (HCR). L'agence onusienne va mettre à sa disposition une équipe d'urgence humanitaire conformément à un protocole d'accord et du mécanisme humanitaire conclu ce 21 novembre à Brazzaville, la capitale.

Marché aux esclaves en Libye: l'Union africaine lance un appel à l'aideLe président de la commission de l'Union africaine (UA) a réagi une nouvelle fois au calvaire des migrants subsahariens en Libye. Au siège de l'organisation à Addis-Abeba, en Ethiopie, Moussa Faki Mahamat a pris la parole pour évoquer une question « dramatique » et un « crime contre l'humanité ».

Rwanda: un troisième génocidaire présumé bientôt jugé en FranceLe troisième procès en lien avec le génocide au Rwanda se profile en France. Accusé d'avoir transporté des miliciens sur les lieux de massacres des Tutsis en 1994, Claude Muhayimana, a été renvoyé devant les assises pour complicité de génocide et de crimes contre l'humanité.